Cameroon

S1-C: African, Asian and International Actors in Central African Mining Sector (Cameroon & Central Africa Republic)

Übersicht: 

Central Africa is one of the richest areas relating to geological resources on the continent. Several national mining visions and strategies conclude that mining, forestry and agriculture are the key industries for future economic development in the sub-region. Commodities distribution and stakeholders as well as their interrelationships have been comprehensively studied within the physical-geography AFRASO sub-project S1-C between 2013-2016 by manifold show cases in Cameroon and in Central African Republic. In July 2016, the third AFRASO documentary film will give a profound insight into living and working conditions of artisanal miners and the Asian influence. The film will be presented to the public during the third international AFRASO conference in Frankfurt in September 2016. The ongoing field mapping and stakeholder analysis within the sub-project highlights the increasing dominance of Asian actors in professional and artisanal mining in Central Africa. This will be used to set up a general stakeholder's model for the extractive sector.

During this project – which was consequently underpinned by the on-site fieldwork of a Cameroonian PhD candidate – it was found out that government owned and private Asian investors systematically gained more influence in this sector over the last 5–10 years. The other objective of the sub-project’s ongoing activities is to materialize these findings by organizing an “Afrasia Stakeholder and Commodities Conference” in Yaoundé in 2018 to focus on the general validity and to strengthen ownership of local actors, and finally, setting up an “Afrasian stakeholder’s model” to transform empirical AFRASO findings on an abstraction level.

Picture taken by Prof. Dr. Jürgen Runge

Picture taken by Prof. Dr. Jürgen Runge

Picture taken by Prof. Dr.  Jürgen Runge

 

Kontakt: 

Ort: 

Involvierte AFRASO Mitglieder: 

AFRASO Publications

Nguepjouo, Diderot & Jürgen Runge ; 2014 ; Geological resources, nature of mining and interest of Asian companies to invest in Cameroon and Central African Republic (CAR) ; Zentralblatt für Geologie und Paläontologie ; Teil 1 (1) ; 195–213

Talks and Lectures

Diderot Nguepjouo Megaptche ; Involvement's Strategies of Asian actors in the Central African Mining Sector ; Wednesday, April 16, 2014 ; Hamburg
Runge, Jürgen ; Going for Gold - Naturraum, Nutzungspotentiale und Konflikte in Zentralafrika (Kamerun, ZAR) ; Monday, December 7, 2015 ; Gießener Geographische Gesellschaft (GGG), Gießen
Diderot Nguepjouo Megaptche ; Geographical Subproject on African, Asian, and International Actors in the Central African Mining Sector ; Thursday, June 13, 2013 ; Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
Diderot Nguepjouo Megaptche ; African, Asian, and International Actors in the Central African Mining Sector ; Saturday, June 29, 2013 ; Universität Jena
Runge, Jürgen and Diderot Nguepjouo Megaptche ; African, Asian and international actors in the Central African mining sector. ; Wednesday, March 12, 2014 ; Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Nguepjouo, Diderot ; African geological resources and the Millennium Development Goals: the case of Cameroon ; Friday, June 26, 2015 ; Frankfurt a. M.

S2-A: Trade Networks and Migration Between Africa and Asia

Übersicht: 

While the activities of Africans in Asia are often overlooked; Asian – especially Chinese – engagement in Africa has become a focal point of interest in Western public discourse. This project explores the differences between the organization of African and Asian networks. It investigates the types of networks (from family to international enterprises), the sectors of trade and mutual impacts of different cultural practices on interactions and decisions. The focus on cultural and economic repercussion of trade, as it is perceived from the local actors’ point of view, allows to study the organization of trade networks, the development of entrepreneurial strategies, as well as the establishment of migrant trader communities.

The project’s focus on anthropological methodology and epistemological interest is the basis for the comparison within the project, even though the conditions in the research countries differ.

The key research questions of the project are as follows: What kind of trade do African and Asian states support? What are the ideological and historical themes that characterize the policies of these countries? What can be found out about the experiences of migration that Africans and Asians encounters in the respective foreign cultural context? Do these experiences differ from those made migrants in Europe? To which extent have these processes modified trade and contributed to the formation of new networks? What kind of discourses have been developed about the activities of Asians in Africa and vice versa? How do Africans evaluate the infrastructural development and the provision of goods in contrast to the increasing presence of strangers? How is competition for African enterprises created and whose cultural difference is often interpreted negatively? Do these evaluations have an impact on the trade networks? How is trade organized on the level of personal interaction?

One major research focus of the project lies on trade goods in order to find answers to these questions mentioned above. Following particular items like tea not only enables the project to understand supply chains from Chinese producers over traders in import and export to the market mechanisms in West African countries like Mali. This approach also reveals insight in the long history of trade and transformation of Green Tea from a mere product to a cultural practice, which is deeply rooted in Malian society today and becomes increasingly prominent in adjacent countries. A case study in Thailand among Malians, who trade with precious stones, revealed that Africans establish networks in Asia through modifying and adapting successful models that were developed in an African context. These activities give a clear idea about “African agency” in trade. Furthermore, they reverse simplistic notions of Africa only being the receiver of processed goods and exporting raw material.

Another focus of research are the activities of Chinese traders in South Africa. Thousands of Chinese traders arrived in the last 25 years from mainland China. While first-comers benefitted from the high demand in low-priced consumer goods; market saturation and macro-economic tendencies influence and transform the Chinese trader communities nowadays. Traders who have developed a sense for the demands in South Africa, found niches or were able to diversify their businesses, do have an advantage. These activities go often hand in hand with development of social, cultural and political ties in the host countries, where a relatively stable community of Chinese does already exist or is in the making. In all cases, the research showed that successful trade often depends on highly skilled brokers, not only in the economic arena, but also as cultural intermediaries. Researching interpersonal relationships allows to paint a profoundly more complex picture than mere generalizations of Asian/African dependencies, which this project aims to do.

Research is carried out in West Africa (Cameroon, Mali) and in South Africa as well as in Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Japan, and China. The broad regional choice provides opportunities for the comparison of historically and culturally divergent regions.

The research is conducted by the following team of scholars:

Ute Röschenthaler researches in close cooperation with Antoine Socpa Cameroonian and Malaysian trade networks, in cooperation with Birama Diakon the network of Malian and Chinese traders in Mali and China, and with Shigehiro Sasaki African trade networks in Japan. Mamadou Diawara explores Malian migrants in Indonesia and returnees in Bamako. Matthias Gruber researches Chinese/South African trade networks in South Africa.


Kontakt: 

Ort: 

Involvierte AFRASO Mitglieder: 

AFRASO Publications

Röschenthaler, Ute and Dorothea Schulz ; 2016 ; Cultural Entrepreneurship in Africa ; Oxon / New York: Routledge

Talks and Lectures

Röschenthaler, Ute & Julia Binter ; Trade, crisis and cultural entrepreneurship in the Niger Delta and the Cross River Region ; Saturday, October 3, 2015 ; Marburg
Diawara, Mamadou ; The Time-Tested Traditionist: Intellectual Trajectory and Mediation from the Early Empires to the Present Day. Landscapes, Sources and Intellectual Projects: Politics, History and the West African Past ; Thursday, November 12, 2015 to Saturday, November 14, 2015 ; Department of African Studies and Anthropology (DASA) and Centre of West African Studies (CWAS), University of Birmingham
Ute Röschenthaler ; The History of Green Tea in Mali and Beyond ; Thursday, May 15, 2014 ; Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
Ute Röschenthaler ; The History of Green Tea in Africa ; Thursday, December 18, 2014 ; Bejing University
Diawara, Mamadou ; The Call of the ‘Bush’: Malian Migrants on their Way to Asia ; Wednesday, March 12, 2014 ; Kuala Lumpur
Diawara, Mamadou ; Seeing like scholars. Whose exile? Making a life in being at home and abroad ; Wednesday, March 25, 2015 ; Kapstadt
Ute Röschenthaler ; Commercial Networks and Cultural Brokers: Cameroonian Traders in China ; Wednesday, March 12, 2014 ; Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Diawara, Mamadou ; China und Afrika, SoSe 2013 ; Goethe University Frankfurt
Röschenthaler, Ute; Haugen, Heide & Michaela Pelican ; Challenges to African entrepreneurship in Malaysia ; Thursday, July 9, 2015 ; Sorbonne, Paris
Ute Röschenthaler ; Brokers as Intermediaries in Commercial Trade Networks ; Sunday, December 14, 2014 ; Jinan University, Guangzhou
Röschenthaler, Ute ; Bewegung von Menschen und Gütern im globalen Kontext ; Wednesday, July 1, 2015 ; Hannover
Diawara, Mamadou ; Bangkok as a "Bush". Preliminary findings on African migrants facing Asia ; Tuesday, April 1, 2014 ; Thammasat University
Diawara, Mamadou ; Asien in Afrika, WiSe 2014/15
Diawara, Mamadou ; Asia as Horizon and Home for West Africans from the 1980s ; Saturday, August 8, 2015 ; Stellenbosch Institute for Advanced Study
Diawara, Mamadou ; (Dis-)connections in Histories of African Studies on the Continent and Beyond, ; Friday, July 10, 2015 ; Sorbonne, Paris

S3-A: Chinese Cultural Policies and Confucius Institutes in Africa

Übersicht: 


In order to clarify to what extent cultural interactions in African-Chinese relations create a “soft“ influence on new development concepts and how China presents itself by means of public diplomacy to African audiences, the project investigates Confucius Institutes in South Africa. Other than negative media reports suggest, Confucius Institutes act less political. Moreover, it seems inaccurate to describe them as an instrument of China’s policy of expansion. Confucius Institutes adapt themselves to local circumstances in Africa and communicate a rather selective picture of China which normally focuses on traditional notions of culture (calligraphy, tea ceremony) and tends to blind out current political and societal issues.

For Africans, Confucius Institutes are a major option to purify their university degrees and thereby to increase their chances on the job market. In this regard, China is a major option for students of African Confucius Institutes as a destination to study and work. Precisely this option is of interest because in China, it becomes obvious whether and how Confucius Institutes prepare their students for such a stay abroad.

 


Kontakt: 

Ort: 

Involvierte AFRASO Mitglieder: 

AFRASO Publications

Hartig, Falk ; 2015 ; 中国的软实力与非洲的孔子学院 (China’s Soft Power and Confucius Institutes in Africa) ; 非洲黄皮书非洲发展报告No.17(2014~2015)(Yellow Book of Africa: Annual Report on Development in Africa) ; Institute of West Asian and African Studies, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences ; Social Science Academic Press ; Beijing ; 94-110
Hartig, Falk ; 2014 ; Ungeschickte Weltmacht: China möchte sein Image verbessern – und steht sich dabei selbst im Weg ; Internationale Politik ; November/Dezember 2014 ; Deutsche Gesellschaft für Auswärtige Politik ; 50-52
Hartig, Falk ; 2014 ; The Globalization of Chinese Soft Power: Confucius Institutes in South Africa ; CPD Perspectives on Public Diplomacy: Confucius Institutes and the Globalization of China’s Soft Power ; Jian Wang ; Figueroa Press ; Los Angeles ; 47-65
Hartig, Falk ; 2013 ; Konfuzius, Schumpeter und die chinesischen Medien – wie China versucht, seine Sicht der Dinge zu verbreiten ; China in den Augen deutscher Medienbotschafter ; Oliver Radtke ; New Star Press ; Peking ; 153-177
Hartig, Falk ; 2014 ; Konfuzius sagt: Klasse statt Masse ; Kulturaustausch-Zeitschrift für internationale Perspektiven ; II/2014 ; 61
Hartig, Falk ; 2016 ; How China Understands Public Diplomacy: The Importance of National Image for National Interests ; International Studies Review ; DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/isr/viw007
Hartig, Falk ; 2015 ; Die entscheidende Rolle der Außendarstellung - Chinas Gesicht in seiner Auswärtigen Kulturpolitik ; Kultur und Außenpolitik Handbuch für Wissenschaft und Praxis ; Kurt-Jürgen Maaß ; Nomos ; 389-396
Hartig, Falk ; 2014 ; Confucius Institutes as innovative tools of China’s cultural diplomacy ; Chinese Politics and International Relations: Innovation and Invention ; Nicola Horsburgh, Astrid Nordin, Shaun Breslin ; Routledge Warwick Studies in Globalisation ; New York ; 121-144
Flew, Terry & Hartig, Falk ; 2014 ; Confucius Institutes and the Network Communication Approach to Public Diplomacy ; The IAFOR Journal of Asian Studies ; Vol. 1, No.1 ; 27-44

Pages

Talks and Lectures

Hartig, Falk ; Is it the Economy, Stupid? China Daily and the Representation of China abroad ; Tuesday, September 2, 2014 to Wednesday, September 3, 2014 ; Tsinghua University Beijing
Hartig, Falk ; Cultural organizations and mutual learning: the case of Confucius Institutes ; Friday, September 20, 2013 ; Clingendael Institute Netherlands Institute for International Relations, Den Haag
Falk Hartig ; Cultural Exchange and Image Management: The Case of Confucius Institutes in Africa ; Thursday, January 14, 2016 ; University of Nottingham
Hartig, Falk ; Confucius INstitutes: The Gobalization of Chinese Public Diplomacy - The Case of Africa ; Saturday, July 12, 2014 ; University of Nottingham
Hartig, Falk ; Confucius Institutes: The Globalization of Chinese Soft Power – the Case of (South) Africa ; Friday, February 28, 2014 ; USC Center on Public Diplomacy, University of Southern California, Los Angeles
Hartig, Falk ; Confucius Institutes in Africa – A new Soft Power Instrument in the Making? ; Thursday, March 26, 2015 ; Kapstadt
Flew, Terry & Falk Hartig ; Confucius Institutes and the Network Communication Approach to Public Diplomacy ; Wednesday, July 3, 2013 to Friday, July 5, 2013 ; Perth
Hartig, Falk ; Confucius Institutes and China’s Public Diplomacy – A western Perspective ; Thursday, December 19, 2013 ; Zhou Enlai School of Government, Nankai University, Tianjin
Hartig, Falk ; Confucius Institutes and China’s International Image Management ; Sunday, September 28, 2014 ; Rhodes University, Grahamstown
Hartig, Falk ; Confucius Institutes and China’s International Communication ; Wednesday, September 10, 2014 ; China Foreign Affairs University, Peking
Hartig, Falk ; China’s Public Diplomacy: explaining China to the world through external communication and image management ; Thursday, June 26, 2014 ; Westsächsische Hochschule Zwickau
Hartig, Falk ; China‘s Public Diplomacy towards Africa ; Thursday, March 19, 2015 ; School of International and Intercultural Communication, TU Dortmund
Hartig, Falk ; Chinas Geopolitik und ihre kulturelle Unterstützung ; Thursday, July 18, 2013 to Friday, July 19, 2013 ; Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)

Pages