Kenya

S1-D: Postcolonial Governmentality, Subjectivation and Agency: Translation and (Re)formulation of the Bangladeshi Idea of Microfinance in Africa.

Übersicht: 

The research project analyses the evolvement of microfinance-programs in Bangladesh and their transformation in Tanzania and Kenya. The focus is on subject-constitution and agency of women in the context of transnational discourses of development politics and global political and economic settings. The following research questions will be addressed: How are agency and subjectivity negotiated in the context of microfinance-programs in Tanzania, Kenya and Bangladesh? Which actors influence this process in what ways? What power structures and discourses do transnational norms confront in regional contexts? The analysis of the negotiation of power structures, constellations of agents and interests in local, national and transnational contexts will demonstrate the impact of market-oriented programs on community processes and would empirically contribute to the issue of ‚Markest  on the Move’.

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AFRASO Publications

S2-C: New Approaches to Transnational Gender Politics: Chinese-African Collaboration

Übersicht: 

The research project analyses the potential and pitfalls of South-South collaboration through the perspective of transnational gender politics. Much of contemporary scholarship on the latter topic arose in the reflection of the transnational women’s movement, following its emergence alongside the World Conferences on Women in Nairobi (1985) and in Beijing (1995) as a central sphere of negotiation.

However, over the last few years the ongoing shift in the international order has impacted on various stakeholders within the gender arena both in African and Asian societies. Within the larger context of development and transnational relations the question how South-South cooperation takes place and which topics are negotiated by actors within the gender arena is important. Among the Asian actors, the All-China Women’s Federation (ACWF) as China’s largest women’s organisation has been particularly active in increasing collaboration with its African counterparts. By cooperating across the otherwise significant continental divide new opportunity structures have emerged. Yet, the related issues have not been explored in existing literature. The project therefore undertakes an analysis of the common issues and challenges that inform current collaboration between the ACWF with gender mechanisms and women’s organisations in selected African countries.

 

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AFRASO Publications

Mageza-Barthel, Rirhandu ; 2015 ; Mobilizing Transnational Gender Politics in Post-Genocide Rwanda (Gender in a Global/Local World Series) Farnham/Burlington: Ashgate. ; Mageza-Barthel, Rirhandu ; Ashgate ; Farnham / Burlington

Talks and Lectures

Mageza-Barthel, Rirhandu ; Zur Politik chinesisch-afrikanischer Beziehungen ; Friday, March 6, 2015 ; Goethe University Frankfurt
Mageza-Barthel, Rirhandu & Uta Ruppert ; Zivilgesellschaft in Kenia und Äthiopien, SoSe 2014
Mageza-Barthel, Rirhandu ; What’s Civil Society Got to Do with It? Beyond the State in Sino-African Relations ; Tuesday, March 11, 2014 ; Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Mageza-Barthel, Rirhandu ; Towards a New Gender Politics: African Women’s Movements & their Afro-Asian Encounters ; Wednesday, July 8, 2015 to Friday, July 10, 2015 ; Sorbonne Universität, Paris
Eckl, Frauke; Mageza-Barthel, Rirhandu & Thubauville, Sophia (panel convenors) ; South Korean-Ethiopian Interactions ; Tuesday, August 25, 2015 ; Warsaw
Ruppert, Uta & Rirhandu Mageza-Barthel ; Panel: "South-South Cooperation in Gender Politics: Trans-Regionalization as an Alternative Option for Sub-Saharan Africa?" ; Wednesday, June 11, 2014 ; Bayreuth University
Mageza-Barthel, Rirhandu ; Neue Ansätze zivilgesellschaftlicher Geschlechterpolitik: Chinesisch-afrikanische Kooperationen zur Bekämpfung von Frauenarmut ; Thursday, February 7, 2013 ; Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
South Africa and China - Politics and Perspective ; Mageza-Barthel, Rirhandu & John Njenga Karugia, SoSe 2015 ; Goethe University Frankfurt
Mageza-Barthel, Rirhandu ; Gender(ed) Matters: Revisiting Chinese-African Relations ; Friday, December 12, 2014 ; Guangzhou, China
Mageza-Barthel, Rirhandu ; Gender Politics in Africa: International Dimensions, WiSe 2013/14 ; Goethe University Frankfurt
Mageza-Barthel, Rirhandu ; From the Margins to the Centre? New Perspectives on Sino-African Relations ; Friday, February 20, 2015 ; New Orleans
Mageza-Barthel, Rirhandu ; From Sisterhood to Friendship: African Women’s Movements in Chinese-African Relations ; Wednesday, March 25, 2015 ; Cape Town, South Africa
Ruppert, Uta & Rirhandu Mageza-Barthel ; Feminism(s) Prospects in Africa: Perspectives on Transformation and Stabilization ; Thursday, August 7, 2014 ; Goethe University Frankfurt
Mageza-Barthel, Rirhandu ; Decolonizing Epistemologies, Methodologies and Ethics: Postcolonial-Feminist Interventions ; Thursday, July 2, 2015 ; Goethe University Frankfurt, Germany
Mageza-Barthel, Rirhandu ; Africa in World Politics / African World Politics, SoSe 2016 ; Goethe University Frankfurt
Mageza-Barthel, Rirhandu ; 'Beijing Created a War between the Sexes' – Transnational Gender Politics in Rwanda after '94 ; Wednesday, June 18, 2014 ; HU Berlin

S3-C: New Approaches to Negotiating Development: South Korean-African Interactions

Übersicht: 

Over the past decade, there has been a significant increase in the number of collaborative projects between South Korea and various countries in Africa, especially in the area of development cooperation. Both South Korean and African partners have stressed the perceived "win-win" nature of these new collaborative relations. Both sides have emphasized that the interactions are not merely focused on one-sided economic interests, such as raw material trade and investment, but rather that these interactions appear to represent a model for a more holistic relationship which also includes exchanges in the fields of culture and education. On the one hand the possibility of exporting its own development experiences is understood as an opportunity for South Korea to reposition itself as a player within the international community. On the other hand, the African partners have equally welcomed such new forms of cooperation as evidenced by the various “Looking East”-Policies that have been adopted in a significant number of countries across the African continent in recent years. Within this context, South Korea represents a particularly interesting development partner for these countries due to its recent development history that led to exceptionally fast economic growth and compressed modernization in the second part of the twentieth century. Moreover, the shared experiences of a colonial past as well as the acute socio economic deprivation may also be opening new avenues for cooperation between South Korea and (some) of its African partners. 

Within this context, the research project seeks to analyze emerging discourses and corresponding processes of negotiation in relation to concepts and practices of development in South Korea and two of its focus countries in Africa, Ethiopia and Kenya. This research investigates how emerging developmental concepts and goals and the resulting social (and national identity) dynamics are being formed in the context of development cooperation. Special focus lies on corresponding processes in the areas of culture and education.

This project will contribute to the on-going debate surrounding various concepts and models for development as well as their implementation in the form of policies and programs. Through its interdisciplinary approach (political science and cultural studies) and comparative research design spanning two continents, the project will provide new methodological and theoretical insights into the transnational process of negotiating development.

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Involvierte AFRASO Mitglieder: 

AFRASO Publications

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Talks and Lectures

Eckl, Frauke; Mageza-Barthel, Rirhandu & Thubauville, Sophia (panel convenors) ; South Korean-Ethiopian Interactions ; Tuesday, August 25, 2015 ; Warsaw
Eckl, Frauke Katharina ; Living and Breathing Best Practices? South Korean Development Experiences in Ethiopian Higher Education ; Thursday, July 9, 2015 ; Sorbonne Universität, Paris
Eckl, Frauke Katharina / Krämer, Diana ; From “Asian Values“ to “Asian Experiences“? What is special about South Korean Development Cooperation in Africa? ; Tuesday, March 24, 2015 ; Cape Town, South Africa
Eckl, Frauke Katharina ; Ein Vorbild gelungener Modernisierung? Südkoreanische Bildungsprojekte in Äthiopien ; Friday, March 6, 2015 ; Goethe-University Frankfurt

S4-A: Indian Ocean Imaginaries in East African Literature and Oral Culture

Übersicht: 

The project addresses the transformation of Indian Ocean imaginaries in East African literature and oral culture. The central research question focusses on the connections between the imaginaries of the Indian Ocean region generated by historical African-Asian interactions on the one hand and the representation of today’s African-Asian interactions in contemporary East African literature on the other. With its focus on Indian Ocean imaginaries, the project targets a key issue with regard to the historical emergence and contemporary constitution of new transregional concepts of space (AFRASO Key Area 4); with its historical focus, the project contributes to lending historical depth to the analysis of African-Asian interactions within the AFRASO research programme as a whole.

The project is based on the assumption that Indian Ocean imaginaries differ widely throughout East Africa and that in historical terms coastal regions and landlocked regions distant from the sea have generated particularly divergent cultural constructions of the Indian Ocean. To utilize these differences for an analysis of the transformation of Indian Ocean imaginaries, exemplary field research on images of the Indian Ocean in oral culture will be conducted in rural Uganda and in Zanzibar. An analysis of literary representations of the probably best-known Indian Ocean icon – the dhow – will establish which Indian Ocean imaginaries are generated by the specific experience of travelling on the Indian Ocean by dhow. Representations of the lived experience of dhow voyages on the Indian Ocean will be analyzed in historical perspective in reports, travelogues and biographies in English and Swahili and will be contrasted to current literary renderings of the dhow topos. Finally, the corpus of East African literature in East Africa (Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda) from 1960 to the present day will be analyzed with a special focus on concepts and images of the Indian Ocean area as a transregional cultural contact zone, representations of Asians, Asian culture and Asian countries and different versions of Indian Ocean imaginaries in coastal regions and the East African hinterland. The combined analysis of oral culture, dhow literature in English and Swahili and the corpus of anglophone East African writing is designed to produce new insights into the complex genesis and transformation of Indian Ocean imaginaries and to provide differentiated answers to the question if and how contemporary images and concepts of the Indian Ocean as transregional contact zone build on earlier Indian Ocean imaginaries, or whether representations of current  African-Asian interactions are characterized by a break with these historically generated imaginaries.

A dhow on the Indian Ocean waters next to Zanzibar in 2013. © Karugia, John Njenga