Relations within the global South have often rested on ideals of solidarity, spelt out in different arenas and in numerous ways. The field of transnational politics has especially relied on such expressions of common action to achieve joint global goals. Both civil society and state actors call on a rhetoric of solidarity and/or engage in agitation to advance transformation in domestic politics and bring forth changes in the international arena. The area of African-Asian interaction is as controversial as the wider political processes it aligns with. Following our results in the initial AFRASO project, “Contesting Solidarity” examines which perspectives transnational movements in South Africa bring into the debates on African-Chinese relations.